The Mole Vanvitelliana, also known as Lazzaretto of Ancona, is an impressive pentagonal building designed by Luigi Vanvitelli, which sits on an artificial island in the harbor, and is connected to the mainland by three bridges. It covers an area of 20,000 m². The channel that surrounds the building is called mandracchio.
The massive Mole, commissioned by Pope Clement XII, was built between 1733 and 1743 to quarantine visitors, store goods and defend Ancona, which had become a strategic port city.
Later the Lazzaretto was also used as a military hospital and barracks. From 1860 onwards the Mole was no longer a quarantine station and in 1884 it was turned into a sugar refinery. During the 20th century, the Lazzaretto was again used for military purposes and even served from 1947 as a tobacco processing factory.
In 1989, work began to restore the Mole to its original condition, which removed all the traces of its many uses throughout the centuries. After further refurbishments, the Mole has been hosting temporary exhibitions, plays, concerts, shows, and the Omero Tactile Museum.
Reasons to visit:
- Popular landmark
- Near the port
- The cultural events it hosts
ANCONA AND ITS SOULS, LET’S GO TO DISCOVER THEM TOGETHER?
EAT AND DRINK LIKE A LOCAL
The flavors, traditions and trends between food and wine that tell the culinary soul of Ancona.
The experiences, the places of the heart and the monuments to visit according to the advice of the Ancona people.